The programme of Aristotelian analytics

Michel Crubellier

Abstract


In this paper, I submit an overall interpretation of Aristotle’s Analytics (Posterior as well as Prior) which I could express, to put it in a nutshell, by saying that the Analytics are analytic. That is, they do not lay out progressive or constructive processes, in which, given certain fundamental premises, terms or rules, one would go ahead and draw conclusions or even build a systematic body of knowledge on the basis of these principles. Rather they describe a backward movement, starting from a proposed or provisional conclusion and asking which premises could (or could best) be used in order to deduce, support, prove or explain it.


Keywords


Aristotle; Analytics; Syllogism; Science

References


Barnes, J (1984). The Complete Works of Aristotle, 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Barnes, J. (1994). Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics. Oxford: Clarendon.

Brunschwig, J. (1981). “L’objet et la structure des Seconds Analytiques d’après Aristote”, in Berti, E. (ed.), Aristotle on Science. The Posterior Analytics. Padova: Antenore, pp. 61-96.

Brunschwig, J. (1967). Aristote, Topiques I-IV, éd. et trad. par J. Brunschwig. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Burnyeat, M. (1981). “Aristotle on Understanding Knowledge”, in Berti, E. (ed), Aristotle on Science. The Posterior Analytics. Padova: Antenore, pp. 97-139.

Corcoran, J. (1974). “Aristotle’s natural deduction system”, in Corcoran, J. (ed.), Ancient Logic and its Modern Interpretations. Dordrecht-Boston: Reidel, pp. 85-131.

Crubellier, M. (2008). “Aristotle on the ways and means of rhetoric”, in Gabbay, D.M., Canivez, P., Rahman, S. & Thiercelin, A., Approaches to Legal Rationality. Dordrecht: Springer.

Crubellier, M. & Pellegrin, P. (2002). Aristote. Le philosophe et les savoirs. Paris: Seuil.

Hintikka, J. (1993). “Socratic Questioning, Logic and Rhetoric”, Revue Internationale de philosophie 184: 5-30.

Lausberg, H. (1974). Handbuch der literarischen Rhetorik, 2 vols. München: Max Hueber.

Łukasiewicz, J. (1957). Aristotle’s Syllogitic from the Standpoint of Modern Logic, 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mueller, I. (1974). “Greek Mathematics and Greek Logic”, in Corcoran, J. (ed.), Ancient Logic and its Modern Interpretations. Dordrecht-Boston: Reidel, pp. 35-70.

Smith, R. (1989). Aristotle: Prior Analytics. Translation and commentary by R. Smith. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.

Weil, E. (1951). “La place de la logique dans la pensée aristotélicienne”, Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 56 (1951), pp. 283-315; English translation: “The Place of Logic in Aristotle’s Thought” in Barnes, J., Schofield, M. & Sorabji, R.: Articles on Aristotle, vol. I, London (Duckworth) 1975, pp. 88-112.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22370/rhv.2017.10.1065

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Michel Crubellier

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Licencia de Creative Commons

Instituto de Filosofía - Facultad de Humanidades - Universidad de Valparaíso
Calle Serrano # 546, Valparaíso. Chile - Fono: +56 32 299 5826